E waste management
In India, the quantity of “e-waste” or electronic waste has now become a major problem. Disposal of e-waste is an emerging global environmental and public health issue, as this waste has become the most rapidly growing segment of the formal municipal waste stream in the world. E-waste or Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) are loosely discarded, surplus, obsolete, broken, electrical or electronic devices. In India most of the waste electronic items are stored at households as people do not know how to discard them.
Electronics products like computers and cellphones contain a lot of different toxins. For example, cathode ray tubes (CRTs) of computer monitors contain heavy metals such as lead, barium and cadmium, which can be very harmful to health if they enter the water system. These materials can cause damage to the human nervous and respiratory systems. Flame-retardant plastics, used in electronics casings, release particles that can damage human endocrine functions. These are the types of things that can happen when unprocessed e-waste is put directly in landfill.
As an effort to make the users aware of the recycling of e-waste, we have launched an electronic waste management program.
Components of ewaste management
The major components of ewaste management are:
- e-waste collection, sorting and transportation
- e-waste recycling; it involves dismantling, recovery of valuable resource, sale of dismantled parts and export of processed waste for precious metal recovery.
The stakeholders, i.e., the people who can help in overcoming the challenges posed by e-waste, are:
- Policy makers
Government of india ministry of environment, forest and climate change has led down e waste management rules 2016 http://cpcb.nic.in/e-waste/